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Scoring System: Dressage

Five judges evaluate all of the riders' and horses' movements and certain transitions on a zero to 10-point scale (for example, 0 is "not executed," 5 is "sufficient" and 10 is "excellent"). Aside from the judged movements, the judges also award four "collective" marks for freedom and regularity of the paces; the impulsion of the horse; the submission of the horse; and the position and form of the rider. Each collective mark is awarded from 0 to 10. Errors are penalized according to the following scale:

1st time: 2 points
2nd time: 4 points
3rd time: Elimination

For the final rankings, each judge gives a percentage score to three decimal places. The percentage scores are then added and divided by five to obtain the competitor's final percentage score for that portion of the competition.


Winners -- individual: Points accrued in the Grand Prix Special and the Grand Prix Freestyle are valued at an equal level and count toward the final score. The five judges award percentage scores to three decimal places in both rounds of competition. The percentage scores are added together and divided by five to obtain the rider's final percentage score for that competition. The percentages of the two competitions are added together and divided by two to determine the final placings. In the case of a tie for first, second or third place, the rider with the higher artistic marks in the Freestyle competition receives the higher placing.

Winners -- team: The winning team is the one that has the highest percentage of points among its three riders from the Grand Prix test.



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